Replicating object between two different datastores
It is sometimes useful to be able to take a graph of persistent instances and make them persistent in a different datastore, without regenerating identifier values.

//retrieve a cat from one database
Session session1 = factory1.openSession();
Transaction tx1 = session1.beginTransaction();
Cat cat = session1.get(Cat.class, catId);

//reconcile with a second database
Session session2 = factory2.openSession();
Transaction tx2 = session2.beginTransaction();
session2.replicate(cat, ReplicationMode.LATEST_VERSION);
The ReplicationMode determines how replicate() will deal with conflicts with existing rows in the database:

ReplicationMode.IGNORE: ignores the object when there is an existing database row with the same identifier
ReplicationMode.OVERWRITE: overwrites any existing database row with the same identifier
ReplicationMode.EXCEPTION: throws an exception if there is an existing database row with the same identifier
ReplicationMode.LATEST_VERSION: overwrites the row if its version number is earlier than the version number of the object, or ignore the object otherwise
Usecases for this feature include reconciling data entered into different database instances, upgrading system configuration information during product upgrades, rolling back changes made during non-ACID transactions and more.